**Composing Overview**

The Composing test assesses the student's ability to put together quantities to demonstrate an understanding of "parts" and a "whole." There are eight items representing the composing skills and they are also separated into composing five (5) and ten (10) with the use of five-frames and ten-frames. Students are presented with either frame partially filled with dots, with some open boxes. The examiner says, "How" many more to make five?" or "How" many more to make ten?"

As the student responds to each item, the examiner marks any errors on his/her score form. The resulting score is the number of items responded to correctly.

This measure is designed for screening. Progress monitoring is not available.

**Test Construction**

There are eight items representing the composing skill, and they are separated into two categories: composing to five and composing to ten. There are four items in each category, and all of the items are presented in either a five- or ten-frame format. However, boxes were not included to frame the dots to ensure that students are able to compose numbers rather than subitize the blank boxes. During the example item, students are presented with the target number (the “part”) verbally and visually, as represented by dots in a row. The examiner says, “How many more marbles do I need to make five?” The test items are presented in a similar format. Students are presented with dots organized in a five- or ten-frame pattern and the examiner asks, “How many more to make five?” or “How many more to make ten?” The Composing assessment is designed to measure the student’s ability to *automatically* compose numbers to five and ten. Due to the focus on automaticity, students are not allowed to use any counting strategies.

To administer this assessment for the purpose of universal screening:

- Log in to the FastBridge system as a teacher.
- Go to the Screening tab.
- Select the earlyMath assessment.
- Select the CP column from the earlyMath Screening page.

Here is what the teacher sees when administering the earlyMath - Composing subtest.

For more information about the earlyMath - Composing subtest complete the online earlyMath course found in the Training & Resources section of the FastBridge system.

To do so, navigate to the Training & Resources tab, and click on the earlyMath course tile.

Then, select the Composing option on the vertical menu. Complete Lessons 1 through 8 in order to certify in the earlyMath Composing subtest.