What Was The Difference Between Vichy France And Free France?

What does Vichy France mean?

[ (vish-ee, vee-shee) ] The government of France after Germany defeated and occupied it at the beginning of World War II (see fall of France); Vichy, the capital, is a small city in central France.

The Vichy government was essentially a puppet of the Germans..

Was the whole of France occupied during ww2?

France was the largest military power to come under occupation as part of the Western Front in World War II. … From 1940 to 1942, while the Vichy regime was the nominal government of all of France except for Alsace-Lorraine, the Germans and Italians militarily occupied northern and south-eastern France.

Did Germany occupy all of France?

As part of the armistice agreement France signed with Germany on June 22, Germany occupied northern France and all of France’s Atlantic coastline down to the border with Spain. A new French government was established in the town of Vichy, which was in the unoccupied southern part of France.

Who was the leader of the Free French?

General Charles de GaulleOn June 28, 1940, General Charles de Gaulle, having set up headquarters in England upon the establishment of a puppet government in his native France, is recognized as the leader of the Free French Forces, dedicated to the defeat of Germany and the liberation of all France.

Did Vichy France fight the allies?

The French State, popularly known as Vichy France, as led by Marshal Philippe Pétain after the Fall of France in 1940 before Nazi Germany, was quickly recognized by the Allies, as well as by the Soviet Union, until 30 June 1941 and Operation Barbarossa.

What was the free zone in France during WWII?

zone libreThe zone libre (French pronunciation: ​[zon libʁ], free zone) was a partition of the French metropolitan territory during World War II, established at the Second Armistice at Compiègne on 22 June 1940.

Did the US ever fight the French?

America wasn’t officially at war with France between 1798 and 1800, but tell that to the U.S. Navy. America and France weren’t officially at war between 1798 and 1800. But it sure looked like they were. This period, the result of a diplomatic faux pas, is known as the Quasi War.

Did Paris get bombed in ww2?

On June 3, 1940, the German air force bombs Paris, killing 254 people, most of them civilians.

Why did Germany occupy France?

Paris started mobilizing for war in September 1939, when Nazi Germany attacked Poland, but the war seemed far away until May 10, 1940, when the Germans attacked France and quickly defeated the French army. The French government departed Paris on June 10, and the Germans occupied the city on June 14.

How did Vichy France come to be?

How did Vichy France come to be? When France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939, following the German invasion of Poland, the French military spent eight months watching and waiting for the first strike. The so-called “Phoney War” ended abruptly in May, when Germany’s Blitzkrieg burst upon the French.

What happened when Germany invaded France?

May 10, 1940Battle of France/Start dates

What is the Free French movement?

Free French, French Françaises Libres, in World War II (1939–45), members of a movement for the continuation of warfare against Germany after the military collapse of Metropolitan France in the summer of 1940. …

How many years did Germany occupy France?

four yearsAfter more than four years of Nazi occupation, Paris is liberated by the French 2nd Armored Division and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division.

Why was Vichy France Important?

The Vichy government enacted strong conservative laws that censored the press, prohibited divorce, and made abortion a capital offense. As part of the Vélodrome d’Hiver raid, the Vichy government arrested and deported 13,000 Jews to camps, of whom 4,000 were children that the Gestapo had not demanded.

What side was Vichy France on?

Despite heavy pressure, the French government at Vichy never joined the Axis alliance and even remained formally at war with Germany. Conversely, Vichy France became a collaborationist regime, and was little more than a Nazi client state.

Who led Vichy France?

Philippe PetainOne was occupied by German troops, and the other was unoccupied, governed by a more or less puppet regime centered in Vichy, a spa region about 200 miles southeast of Paris, and led by Gen. Philippe Petain, a World War I hero.

What happened to Vichy collaborators?

At the close of the war, France punished many Nazi collaborators: 9,000 were summarily executed during the liberation campaign, 1,500 were executed after a trial, and 40,000 were sentenced to prison.

How many German soldiers occupied France?

Occupation forces 100,000 Germans were in the whole of the German-zone in France in December 1941. When the bulk of the Wehrmacht was fighting on the eastern front, German units were rotated to France to rest and refit.

Did England ever occupy France?

During the Hundred Years’ War England and France battled for supremacy. Following the Battle of Agincourt the English gained control of vast French territory, but were eventually driven out. English monarchs would still claim the throne of France until 1800.