What Is The Free French Movement?

Why did Germany attack France?

Germany realized that a war with Russia meant a war with France, and so its war plans called for an immediate attack on France – through Belgium – hoping for a quick victory before the slow-moving Russians could become a factor..

Where was the Free French government located?

Set up in London in June 1940, it organised and supported the Resistance in Occupied France, and established a foothold within several French colonies in Africa. Charles de Gaulle, a French general and government minister, rejected the armistice being negotiated by Marshal Philippe Pétain and fled to Britain.

What was the difference between Vichy France and Free France?

Vichy France was a puppet government set up by the occupying German forces and Free France was the name for a group of French people that continued to fight the German occupation forces.

What was the free zone in France during WWII?

zone libreThe zone libre (French pronunciation: ​[zon libʁ], free zone) was a partition of the French metropolitan territory during World War II, established at the Second Armistice at Compiègne on 22 June 1940.

What would happen if France didn’t surrender?

If the French had not surrendered, there would have been many important consequences: The French fleet would have remained in the War, this would have made the invasion of Britain impossible. … France could have continued the war from North Africa. This would have meant that the Axis would not have threatened Suez.

What side was Vichy France on?

Vichy France (French: Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II. It was an independent ally of Nazi Germany until late 1942 when Berlin took full control.

Why did Germany allow Vichy France to exist?

So France was allowed to keep control of the Southern Zone, all of its colonies, and even its fleet, because it was not obviously fully defeated, and it was thought that a more gentle touch was needed, so that the French could still hold out for a good peace treaty, rather than prepare for vengeance.

Was France the most powerful army in ww2?

Five million men were mobilised in France at the start of World War Two. The army was reputed to be one of the strongest in the world, certainly every bit a match for the Germans. Along the eastern frontier ran the supposedly impregnable Maginot Line, a series of more than 50 ultra-secure fortresses.

Did the French switch sides in ww2?

Military forces of France during World War II Following the lost Battle of France in 1940, the country switched from a democratic republican regime fighting with the Allies to an authoritarian regime collaborating with Germany and opposing the Allies in several campaigns.

Who led the Free French during ww2?

de GaulleTen days later, Britain formally acknowledged de Gaulle as the leader of the “Free French Forces,” which was at first little more than those French troops stationed in England, volunteers from Frenchmen already living in England, and units of the French navy.

What does the term free French mean?

Noun. 1. Free French – a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic.

Why was the French army so bad in ww2?

The reasons for the sudden defeat of France in 1940 were numerous and varied. They included a failure of leadership, both at the military and the political level. The army of France was not only poorly led but had been equipped with inferior arms and equipment.